Band historyPrimal Fear was founded in October 1997 by singer Ralf Scheepers and Mat Sinner. Scheepers and Sinner have been constants in the heavy metal scene before the band was founded. Ralf Scheepers sang in the bands Tyran Pace, F.B.I. and the internationally successful band Gamma Ray. After a gig with his Judas Priest cover band Just Priest in which Mat Sinner and Tom Naumann helped out the idea arose to found Primal Fear. They signed a record deal with Nuclear Blast Records in late 1997. Their debut album Primal Fear was released in February 1998 and entered the German LP charts at place 48 thus making it one of the highest chart entries of a debut album in German metal. The same year they toured with metal veterans Running Wild and HammerFall.In July 1999, the 2nd album Jaws of Death was released. Shortly after its release guitarist Tom Naumann left the band due to health problems. During the tour through Europe, Brazil and Japan he was replaced by Alex Beyrodt. In January 2000 Henny Wolter joined the band as a permanent replacement. In early 2001 the third album Nuclear Fire was released. At the following world tour the band played in the US for the first time and were guests at the Metal Meltdown Festival and the Milwaukee Metalfest.The next album Black Sun was released on April 29, 2002 and entered the German LP charts at place 55. Halford-Guitarist Mike Chlasciak contributed the guitar solos for the songs "Fear" and "Armageddon". The highlight of the following double-headliner tour with fellow band Rage was a gig at the Scala in London. The same year Henny Wolter left the band and was replaced by the returning Tom Naumann. With this line-up the band again toured through Brazil and ended the Black Sun tour. In April/May 2003 the band participated in the "Metal Gods" tour together with Rob Halford, Testament and a few other bands and toured through the US and Canada. During the Tour drummer Klaus Sperling was replaced by Randy Black. After the tour, Randy joined the band permanently.In February 2004, the 5th album Devil's Ground was released and entered the German LP charts at place 67. April of the same year the band started another world tour in which the band toured through Europe, Japan, the US and South America including one of the band's biggest hits "Metal Is Forever". Directly after the tour the band recorded their 6th album Seven Seals in Vancouver and Stuttgart. It was released in Fall of 2005 mixed by Mike Frazer in Vancouver. To promote the album the band went on Europe and Japan tour together with fellow Power Metal band Helloween.In July 2006, the band surprisingly left Nuclear Blast Records and signed a long-term contract with Frontiers Records. As a "parting gift" Nuclear Blast released the best of compilation Metal is Forever.In February 2007, during the recordings for the next album New Religion the band decided after long discussions about the future of the band that Henny Wolter will return as 2nd guitarist and Tom Naumann will leave the band. The album was finished under the direction of producer Mat Sinner and engineer and co-producer Charlie Bauerfeind and was mixed by Roland Prent in the Galaxy Studios in Belgium. It was released in September 2007 and entered the German LP charts at place 60. They started their New Religion tour as co-headliner of the sold out Power Prog VIII festival in Atlanta, US. Afterwards they toured together with U.D.O. through Europe. They continued the tour in January 2008 due to the band's 10th birthday and once again toured through Europe.Early March 2008, the band announced that longtime guitarist Stefan Leibing had left the band because he wants to spend more time with his family and his business. On future releases and tours he will be replaced by an excellent Swedish guitar wizard Magnus Karlsson, who already contributed 2 guitar solos for the New Religion album. In December 2008 the band entered the House of Music Studios to record their next album 16.6. They say that "the music includes a lot of the vibe of our very first albums" and that "a new Primal Fear album always contained some new musical challenges, real surprises". The Album was released on May 22 in Europe and June 9 in the US. The Video for the song Six Time Dead (16.6) has premiered on May 8 on the band's official MySpace channel. The Album reached No.46 on the German, No.52 in Swedish and No.28 in the Japanese album charts. The band started their longest tour ever in South America, North America, Canada, Europe and Japan to promote their new album. A new live CD and DVD was recorded during every leg on the tour. In 2010 the band spent their longest time on the road in North America tour, followed by another European Tour in September–November 2010.On 8 July 2011, the band announced their next album Unbreakable. The album was released on January 20, 2012. The band toured extensively throughout 2012 in support of the album on the "Metal Nation" tour, of which the European leg included dates in Italy, Germany, Brazil, Chile, Argentina and Bolivia among others. The band also played several more shows in 2013.On May 20, 2013, it was announced on the band's official website that they would begin recording their next album the following day.On October 4, 2013, Primal Fear announced their new album called Delivering the Black. It was released on January 24, 2014 by Frontiers Records. The band is currently on tour in support of the album.Lyrical themesPrimal Fear's lyrical themes are often a very controversial issue. Although the main lyrical themes in Primal Fear's works are science fiction, it is often thought to be metaphorical. The band's lyrical themes usually project images of science fiction, but also possibly refer to themes of religion, government among other issues.One example would be Black Sun. It could be interpreted as a concept album about a space exploration mission. A team of astronauts visits a new, never before seen, planet ('Black Sun'). With them, they have a crew member who can see the future ('Magic Eye'), and they end up blowing up in the process of reentry into Earth's atmosphere ('Armageddon'). The person (or thing) they (the crew) are speaking to in 'Armageddon' is widely considered by fans of the band to be the birds of prey on the covers of their albums. Though some may interpret the songs on Black Sun to have contained the previously mentioned themes (as seen in 'Fear'; a song about the relationship between politics and war), there is no way to be truly sure, as none of the writers have really spoken about the true meanings of the lyrics, and because of this, there is much controversy within the band's fan base on the issue of lyrical themes and meanings.GenreThe primary genre associated with Primal Fear is power metal, though some elements of pure thrash metal, and traditional heavy metal are often included in the music.Mainstream SuccessPrimal Fear had their highest success, and most chart entries with their 2012 release, Unbreakable. The album landed on 20 January 2012 with chart entries in Germany (No. 31), Sweden (No. 48), Finland (No. 50), Japan (No. 27), Austria (No. 74), Switzerland (No. 51) and the Netherlands (Top 200), and for the first time in the band's history, they showed up on the US Billboard Heatseekers chart, landing at No. 44.