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Billy Fury (17 April 1940 – 28 January 1983), born Ronald Wycherley, was an internationally successful English singer from the late-1950s to the mid-1960s, and remained an active songwriter until the 1980s.
Rheumatic fever, which he first contracted as a child, damaged his heart and ultimately contributed to his death.
An early British rock and roll (and film) star, he equalled The Beatles' record of 24 hits in the 1960s, and spent 332 weeks on the UK chart, without a chart-topping single or album.
Allmusic journalist, Bruce Eder, stated, "His mix of rough-hewn good looks and unassuming masculinity, coupled with an underlying vulnerability, all presented with a good voice and some serious musical talent, helped turn Fury into a major rock and roll star in short order".
Others have suggested that Fury's rapid rise to prominence was due to his "Elvis Presley-influenced, hip-swivelling, and at times highly suggestive stage act."Early yearsWycherley was born at Smithdown Hospital (later Sefton General Hospital, now demolished), Smithdown Road, Liverpool, Merseyside.
He commenced music lessons on the piano before he was a teenager, and was bought his first guitar by the age of 14.
Wycherley fronted his own group in 1955, but simultaneously worked full-time on a tugboat and later as a docker.
He entered and won a talent competition, and by 1958 had started composing his own songs.
Wycherley first attended a concert at The Essoldo Theatre in Birkenhead, run by impresario Larry Parnes, in the hope of interesting famous singer Marty Wilde in some of the songs he had written.
Instead, in an episode that has become pop music legend, Parnes pushed young Wycherley up on stage right away.
He was such an immediate success that Parnes signed him, added him to the tour, and renamed him 'Billy Fury'.
However, his early sexual and provocative stage performances received censure, and he was forced to tone them down.
In October 1959, the UK music magazine, NME, commented that Fury's stage antics had been drawing much press criticism.He released his first hit single for Decca, "Maybe Tomorrow", in 1959.
He also appeared in a televised play Strictly For Sparrows, and subsequently on Oh Boy! By March 1960, he reached No.
9 in the UK Singles Chart with his own composition "Colette", followed by "That's Love" and his first album The Sound of Fury (1960), which featured a young Joe Brown on lead guitar, with backup vocals by the Four Jays.After securing more hits and jettisoning his band Georgie Fame and the Blue Flames, Parnes held auditions in Liverpool for a new group.
Among those who failed were The Beatles, who for the first time called themselves The Silver Beetles.
They were offered the job for £20 a week on condition that they sacked their bassist Stuart Sutcliffe.
John Lennon refused and the band left after Lennon had secured Fury's autograph.
The Tornados were recruited as his backing band and toured and recorded with Fury from January 1962 to August 1963.
The Puppets were another band that backed Billy on a couple of gigs for 12 months.UK chart and film successFury concentrated less on rock and roll and more on mainstream ballads, such as "Halfway to Paradise" and "Jealousy" (which reached No.
3 and No.
2 respectively in the UK Singles Chart in 1961).
Fury confessed to the NME that "I wanted people to think of me simply as a singer - and not, more specifically, as a rock singer.
I'm growing up, and I want to broaden my scope.
I shall continue to sing rock songs, but at the same time my stage act is not going to be as wild in the future".
It was Decca's decision to mould Fury into a teen idol after his last self-penned song, "My Christmas Prayer", had failed to chart.
1962 and 1963 were Fury's best years chartwise.
In 1962 Fury appeared in his first film, Play It Cool, modelled on the Elvis films.
It featured Helen Shapiro, Danny Williams, Shane Fenton and Bobby Vee, who appeared with the Vernons Girls.
The hit single from the film was "Once Upon a Dream".
There were other notable performances by several British actors and performers such as Richard Wattis, Lionel Blair and Dennis Price.Fury's We Want Billy! (1963) was one of the first live albums in UK rock history and featured renditions of his hits and cover versions of several R&B songs such as "Unchain My Heart".In 1965 he appeared in the film I've Gotta Horse, which also featured the Bachelors, Michael Medwin and Jon Pertwee.
The album from the film was made available in stereo.
Fury left Decca Records in 1966, after signing to a five-year recording contract with Parlophone.Having had more UK hits, such as "It's Only Make Believe" and "I Will" (written by Dick Glasser, not to be confused with the Paul McCartney song), both in 1964, and "In Thoughts of You" (1965), Fury began a lengthy absence from the charts in 1967, and underwent surgery for heart problems in 1972 and 1976 which led to his abandoning touring.
Despite spending many weeks on the charts, Fury never achieved a number one single, but he remained popular even after his hits stopped.
"I Will" became a U.S.
hit for Dean Martin (1965) and for Ruby Winters (1977).Later yearsIn 1973, Fury emerged from a period of semi-retirement to star as 'Stormy Tempest' in the film That'll Be the Day.
Also starring David Essex and Ringo Starr, it was roughly based on the early days of The Beatles.
Starr was from the Dingle area of Liverpool as was also Fury, and had originally played drums for Rory Storm & the Hurricanes, whom the Stormy Tempest group were said to be modelled upon.In the mid-1970s Fury went out on the road with Marty Wilde.
Away from the spotlight, he focused on wildlife preservation.
Fury's health deteriorated and he underwent two open heart surgery's the first was in 1972, and the second in 1976.
In 1978 he was declared bankrupt for unpaid taxes from the Inland Revenue.
The unpaid taxes were dated back to 1962, and amounted to £16,780.
He was also forced to sign over his royalties and publishing income.
A new release, "Be Mine Tonight" (1981), failed to make an appearance in the UK Singles Chart.
Worse was to follow in March 1981 when Fury, working on his own farm, collapsed and almost perished.
He returned to touring later that year and his next two singles, "Love or Money" and "Devil or Angel", just dented the UK chart.
In 1981 and 1982, Fury was signed to Polydor Records by A&R man Frank Neilson and recorded a comeback album, The One and Only (released posthumously) with Shakin' Stevens' producer Stuart Colman.
Due to his health, Fury did little touring to promote the new album.
His last public appearance was at the Sunnyside, Northampton, on 4 December 1982, where the website, billyfury.com, now sponsors a charity show every March.
Fury recorded a live performance for the television show, Unforgettable, featuring six of his old hits although, at the request of his mother, only four of these were broadcast.Personal lifeFury lived with Lee Middleton from 1959 to 1967.
He married Judith Hall in May 1969, but later left her for heiress Lisa Voice (née Rosen).
They lived together in London and sometimes on Fury's farm in Wales, from 1971 until his death although they were leading separate lives for the last two years.
Fury was a keen birdwatcher.DeathAfter returning from a recording session in the early hours of 28 January 1983, Fury collapsed in his home in London.
His personal manager Tony Read found him unconscious the next morning.
He was rushed to St Mary's Hospital in Paddington, but died later in the afternoon at 2.10pm.
He was 42 years old.
A week later his funeral was held at the St John's Wood church in London, for which his body was embalmed by Desmond Henley.
Among the mourners were Larry Parnes, Marty Wilde, Jess Conrad, Eden Kane, Tony Read, Hal Carter and Mick Green, in addition to family members, friends and fans.
The choir sang a special version of Billy´s Decca hit "I´m Lost Without You".
After the service Billy was buried at Mill Hill cemetery.
A track issued posthumously, "Forget Him", became his final single chart hit.LegacyOn 10 April 1983, a tribute concert for Billy was held at The Beck Theatre in Hayes, Middlesex.
All the artists performed for free and the money raised was donated to the Billy Fury memorial fund for research into heart disease.
On the bill were such names as Marty Wilde with his daughter Kim Wilde, Joe Brown, Alvin Stardust, Dave Berry, Helen Shapiro, and John Miles.In 1999 a TV documentary about Billy called Halfway to Paradise was broadcast on the BBC channel.
It was narrated by Ian Dury.Between 1999 and 2000 the song "Wondrous Place", a favourite of Fury's (he re-recorded it at least three times during his career) later received wide airplay on British television when it was used as the theme for a Toyota Yaris car advertisement.On 19 April 2003 a bronze statue of Fury was unveiled by Jack Good at the National Museum of Liverpool Life.
The sculpture, by Tom Murphy, a Liverpool sculptor, was donated by 'The Sound of Fury' fan club after the money was raised by fans.In 2005 Spencer Leigh from BBC Radio Merseyside published a biography book about Billy Fury called Wondrous Face - The Billy Fury Story.In 2008 a biographical documentary film Billy Fury His Wondrous Story was released on DVD.Eight of his EMI recordings remained unreleased on mainstream CD until June 2010, when they appeared on a 29-track issue, The Complete Parlophone Singles, released by Peaksoft (PEA009).
The singer's estate licensed the tracks to benefit his memorial fund, which finances equipment purchases for hospital heart units.In November 2011, further co-operation between the estate and Peaksoft resulted in the issuing of a second CD, The Lost Album (PEA014), which attempted to construct the format of an album recorded by Fury in 1967-71, but which was never released.Billy Fury Way is just off Finchley Road near Finchley & Frognal station.
In 2010 Camden Council, London, named a small formerly nameless road Billy Fury Way in his honour.
He had recorded at the nearby Decca Studios.
The alleyway was decorated with a large mural of his face, which was unveiled and blessed on Friday July 29, 2011.
It is next to West Hampstead Tube station, the main transport complex for the area.Play It Cool was released for the first time on DVD, 10 February 2014.