Shamen were a Scottish psychedelic-influenced electronic dance music band from Aberdeen, Scotland. The founding members are Colin Angus (born 24 August 1961), Derek McKenzie (born 27 February 1964) and Keith McKenzie (born 30 August 1961). Peter Stephenson (born 1 March 1962) joined shortly after to take over on keyboards from Angus. Several other people were later in the band. Angus then teamed up with Will Sinnott, and together they found credibility as pioneers of rock/dance crossover, before moving on to international commercial success when joined by Mr. C with "Ebeneezer Goode" and their 1992 Boss Drum album.1980sShamen were preceded by Alone Again Or, the Love-inspired name under which they recorded their first psychedelic electronic pop singles. After their name change, further singles picked up airplay from John Peel. Released in June 1987, Shamen's first album, Drop demonstrated their love of 1960s psychedelia, with influences such as Love, Syd Barrett and the 13th Floor Elevators.By mid-1987, frontman Colin Angus was discovering the sounds of early house-music pioneers, such as S-Express and M/A/R/R/S, and increasing his knowledge of the latest studio gadgetry. By September 1987, the Shamen were applying these techniques to their own music, mixing rock guitars, techno and hip-hop rhythms and sampled radio voices which was to prove so influential to groups like Jesus Jones and EMF. Their single "Christopher Mayhew Says", released in late 1987 was the first single to experiment with beat machines and samples, fusing it with their psychedelic rock sound. However, the newfound sound proved too radical for co-founder and vocalist Derek McKenzie, who left the band in late 1987 to study at university. The Shamen were suddenly one crucial player short. Help was at hand in the charismatic form of Glaswegian Will Sinnott (23 December 1960–23 May 1991), aka Will Sin, who joined the group in October 1987, on bass and keyboards, freeing up Angus to handle vocals and guitar. Sinnott's musical background was an extensive one. He had already made an impression as part of the Can/SAHB influenced improvisation troupe Edith And The Ladies, and his father, a master wood craftsman, had made guitars for the Incredible String Band and John Martyn. At the start of 1988, the first music videos were shot for The Shamen, those being "Christopher Mayhew Says" and "Knature Of A Girl"."Knature of a Girl" was the first record by Shamen to feature Sinnott, but it was not until June's "Jesus Loves Amerika" single that the techno influence began to show. By this stage, Angus and Sinnott had become hooked on the acid house movement taking place in London, and its music and clubs were to exert a massive influence on the pair. Keith McKenzie and Peter Stephenson were less impressed by these new developments, and left the group the following summer, after the January 1989 release of the In Gorbachev We Trust album, which saw the group further enhancing their sound. Over the summer 1988, they met Mr.C and Evil Eddie Richards, who would later both work with Shamen to help them transition their music into the rave scene.Angus and Sinnott relocated to London, allowing them to start afresh, and plunge into the emerging rave scene. 1989 was a busy year, as they set out on their legendary Synergy tour, a nightclub experience combined with live music from Shamen and others like Orbital and with DJing from the likes of Paul Oakenfold, Mixmaster Morris; Mr C, and Evil Eddie Richards The tour was to last nearly two years. Synergy was innovative at the time, as a touring rock dance club introducing live bands to clubbers, and house, techno and ambient DJs to rock fans. They also released the Phorward mini album, produced by ex-Fiction Factory singer/songwriter Kevin Patterson.1990sTheir third album, En-Tact, was released in 1990, and it spawned the hit singles "Move Any Mountain (Progen '91)", "Hyperreal" and "Make It Mine". Also notable was the appearance of rapper, DJ and producer Mr. C (real name Richard West), as well as incorporation of a female vocalist, Plavka Lonich – who was intended to become the focal point of the group. The transformation into a successful rave-music act was complete. Tensions had already begun to show, however. The band's barely concealed espousal of the then-fashionable New Psychedelics, the artistic pressures of altering direction from that of an acceptably skilled guitar band to an electronic dance act. As they continued their Synergy tour, their popularity in the United Kingdom began to rapidly expand. "Hyperreal", released in March 1991, reached number 28 on the top-40 Top Of The Pops chart. By then, they had known they were on their way to reaching mainstream popularity. Every Synergy Live show on the fifth and sixth leg of tours were sold out. On the sixth and last leg of Synergy in April 1991 (possibly changing to the Progeny tour on due to Mr. C now being a full-time member, as well as Will Sin's death), Gavin Knight and Richard Sharpe joined as the live drummer and keyboardist for Shamen respectively.In May 1991, with the expansion of the popularity of their band, Will Sin decided to release an EP entitled "U Make Me Feel" with an unknown female singer under the pseudonym Elsi Curry, and it was released as a promotional record. Later that same month, after the Sixth Mark of the Synergy Tour, and their one-week tour of Russia, The Shamen headed to Tenerife, to film a video for "Move Any Mountain". On 23 May, Will Sinnott drowned whilst swimming off the coast of La Gomera. Colin Angus later said: "When it first happened, I was still reeling from the shock of Will's completely unexpected and tragic death, and I couldn't think about the Shamen at all, couldn't see how anything could continue. But as I came to terms with it and thought about the situation I realised that what the Shamen's about was positivity and that positivity is like the spirit of the music and positivity acknowledges the need for change. So for those reasons I elected to carry on and also I knew that the name Shamen really meant a lot to Will and that was one of the main attractions for joining the band for him."The "U Make Me Feel" EP never got a promotional release after Will Sin's death. Soon afterwards, in July 1991, Plavka Lonich chose to leave the band, after a fallout over her being pressured to become the focal point of the band, whereas she was planning to start on her solo career. After finding a new female singer, Cheryl Melder, The Shamen embarked on the start of their Progeny tour, intending to having that being a follow-up to the Synergy Tour (as well as promoting the US Release for En-Tact, which was somewhat a tribute for Will\] notably with doing their first tour in America, starting on the second leg of the tour.With Mr. C now a full-time member of Shamen, and Jhelisa Anderson (who was chosen to replace Plavka) providing guest vocals, the Boss Drum album followed in 1992. Boss Drum featured a spoken-word collaboration, "Re:Evolution" with Terence McKenna, and The Shamen's biggest and most controversial hit: "Ebeneezer Goode". "Ebeneezer Goode" was accused of promoting drug use, owing to the refrain, 'Ezer Goode, Ezer Goode' as homophonic with 'E's are good' (E being slang for the dance drug Ecstasy), 'These F in Es are good' as 'He's Ebenezer Goode', and to double entendre drug references throughout the song. This echoed similar references in previous songs such as "Synergy"'s 'M D M A-zing... we are together in ecstasy'. Despite – or maybe because of – the subsequent storm of publicity, the song stayed at the top of the UK charts for four weeks.Subsequent singles such as "Boss Drum" and "Phorever People" were chart hits, and they were voted "Best New Act" by Radio 1 listeners at the Smash Hits Poll Winners Party in 1992, but after the unexpected success of "Ebeneezer Goode" some long-term fans believed they paled in comparison to earlier singles. As Terence McKenna observed:However, The Shamen's new mainstream popularity enabled them to release an unusually large number of remix singles, EPs, and LPs during the Boss Drum era, including the "Face EP", the "S.O.S. EP", and the On Air and Different Drum albums. On Air featured a series of popular tracks from En-Tact and Boss Drum as performed live on BBC radio; Different Drum was a remix album containing alternate versions of every track from Boss Drum. The tracks "Boss Drum", "LSI (Love Sex Intelligence)", "Phorever People", "Ebeneezer Goode", and "Re:Evolution" were all released as singles in their own right. It was however impossible for the band to fully escape the shadow that Will Sin's untimely exit had cast across them. At a time and in a scene when performers were very often both masked and anonymous, the emerging early 1990s dance music world had lost one of its more notable personalities.Axis Mutatis was released in 1995, with new vocalist Victoria Wilson-James replacing Jhelisa Anderson. Early special editions of this album featured a bonus disk, Arbor Bona Arbor Mala, an experimental ambient album.Always seeking to push out musical and communication boundaries, the Shamen saw themselves as an information band. Their Internet site Nemeton was amongst the first UK music sites to host to unique Web based events, e.g. releasing the first ever UK band single and LP's on the net in 1995 and it also features a remarkable piece of software devised by Angus to convert the DNA structures of human life into electronic music. "S2 Translation", a track on "Axis Mutatis", was generated using this software.The Shamen continued recording into the late 1990s, releasing two additional LPs with an increasingly experimental bent. Their penultimate studio album, the instrumental Hempton Manor, followed an acrimonious split with their label One Little Indian. It is alleged to have been recorded in seven days to conclude the recording contract with One Little Indian, and the first letter of each track spells out "Fuck Birket", referring to label founder Derek Birket, who wanted the group to move back into more commercial territory. UV, in 1998, was their last album. UV was released independently on Moksha Recordings and marked a return to form, with both modern techno production and classic Shamen song structures.Mr. C has since continued as a house music DJ and became a successful nightclub owner of the The End club. As of 2007, he was also recording as a member of the group called Sycophant Slags, with Francis Harris a.k.a. Adultnapper on his record label, Superfreq Records. Colin Angus worked in a project called Pablo Sandoz, from 2004 to 2008.