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Victor Hugo

Victor Hugo

Victor Marie Hugo (French pronunciation: ?[vikt?? ma?i ygo\]; 26 February 1802 – 22 May 1885) was a French poet, novelist, and dramatist of the Romantic movement. He is considered one of the greatest and best known French writers. In France, Hugo's literary fame comes first from his poetry but also rests upon his novels and his dramatic achievements. Among many volumes of poetry, Les Contemplations and La Légende des siècles stand particularly high in critical esteem. Outside France, his best-known works are the novels Les Misérables, 1862, and Notre-Dame de Paris, 1831 (known in English as The Hunchback of Notre-Dame).Though a committed royalist when he was young, Hugo's views changed as the decades passed, and he became a passionate supporter of republicanism; his work touches upon most of the political and social issues and artistic trends of his time. He was buried in the Panthéon.Published during Hugo's lifetimeCromwell preface only (1819)Odes et poésies diverses (1822)Odes (Hugo) (1823)Han d'Islande (1823), (Hans of Iceland)Nouvelles Odes (1824)Bug-Jargal (1826)Odes et Ballades (1826), (Odes and Ballads)Cromwell (1827)Les Orientales (1829), (Orientalia)Le Dernier jour d'un condamné (1829), (The Last Day of a Condemned Man)Hernani (1830)Notre-Dame de Paris (1831), (The Hunchback of Notre-Dame)Marion Delorme (1831)Les Feuilles d'automne (1831), (Autumn Leaves)Le roi s'amuse (1832)Lucrèce Borgia (1833), (Lucretia Borgia)Marie Tudor (1833)Littérature et philosophie mêlées (1834), (A Blend of Literature and Philosophy)Claude Gueux (1834)Angelo, tyran de Padoue (1835)Les Chants du crépuscule (1835), (Songs of the Half Light)La Esmeralda (only libretto of an opera written by Victor Hugo himself) (1836)Les Voix intérieures (1837)Ruy Blas (1838)Les Rayons et les ombres (1840)Le Rhin (1842)Les Burgraves (1843)Napoléon le Petit (1852), (Napoleon the Little)Les Châtiments (1853)Les Contemplations (1856), (The Contemplations)Les TRYNE (1856)La Légende des siècles (1859), (The Legend of the Ages)Les Misérables (1862)William Shakespeare (1864)Les Chansons des rues et des bois (1865), (Songs of Street and Wood)Les Travailleurs de la Mer (1866), (Toilers of the Sea)La voix de Guernsey (1867)L'Homme qui rit (1869), (The Man Who Laughs)L'Année terrible (1872)Quatrevingt-treize (Ninety-Three) (1874)Mes Fils (1874)Actes et paroles – Avant l'exil (1875)Actes et paroles – Pendant l'exil (1875), (Deeds and Words)Actes et paroles – Depuis l'exil (1876)La Légende des Siècles 2e série (1877)L'Art d'être grand-père (1877), (The Art of Being a Grandfather)Histoire d'un crime 1re partie (1877), (History of a Crime)Histoire d'un crime 2e partie (1878)Le Pape (1878)La pitié suprême (1879)Religions et religion (1880), (Religions and Religion)L'Âne (1880)Les Quatres vents de l'esprit (1881), (The Four Winds of the Spirit)Torquemada (1882)La Légende des siècles Tome III (1883)L'Archipel de la Manche (1883)Poems of Victor HugoPublished posthumouslyThéâtre en liberté (1886)La Fin de Satan (1886)Choses vues (1887)Toute la lyre (1888), (The Whole Lyre)Amy Robsart (1889)Les Jumeaux (1889)Actes et Paroles Depuis l'exil, 1876–1885 (1889)Alpes et Pyrénées (1890), (Alps and Pyrenees)Dieu (1891)France et Belgique (1892)Toute la lyre – dernière série (1893)Les fromages (1895)Correspondences – Tome I (1896)Correspondences – Tome II (1898)Les années funestes (1898)Choses vues – nouvelle série (1900)Post-scriptum de ma vie (1901)Dernière Gerbe (1902)Mille francs de récompense (1934)Océan. Tas de pierres (1942)L'Intervention (1951)Conversations with Eternity (1998)Online textsWorks by Victor Hugo at Project GutenbergWorks by Victor Hugo at Internet ArchiveWorks by Victor Hugo at The Online Books PagePolitical speeches by Victor Hugo: Victor Hugo, My Revenge is Fraternity!Selected PoetryBiography and speech from 1851Obituary in The TimesOnline audio Works by Victor Hugo at LibriVox (public domain audiobooks)

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