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Víctor Lidio Jara Martínez (28 September 1932 – 15 September 1973) was a Chilean pedagogue, theatre director, poet, singer-songwriter, and political activist. He was part of a poor, rural family. Manuel, his father, left the family to work in the countryside. Amanda, his mother, was a singer. She introduced Victor to music and taught him how to play guitar. Víctor Jara sang about politics and social problems, as well as life and love. He was one of the most famous artists of the "Nueva canción" movement, a fusion of Latin American folk music and politicized lyrics.