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Goran Bregovic

Goran Bregovic

Goran Bregovic (Serbian Cyrillic: ????? ????????, pronounced [g??ran br?^?g??it?\], born 22 March 1950) is a musician and one of the most internationally known modern musicians and composers of the Balkans. He left Bosnia and Herzegovina before the Bosnian War. Recently, he announced his official return to Sarajevo and set up Roma education foundation.Bregovic has composed for such varied artists as Iggy Pop and Cesária Évora. He rose to fame playing guitar with his rock band Bijelo Dugme. Among his better known scores are three of Emir Kusturica's films (Time of the Gypsies, Arizona Dream, and Underground).Musical styleBregovic's compositions, extending Balkan musical inspirations to innovative extremes, draw upon European classicism and Balkan rhythms.Bregovic's music carries Bosnian, Serbian, Bulgarian, Greek and Romani themes and is a fusion of popular music with traditional polyphonic music from the Balkans, tango and brass bands.Early life and careerBorn in Sarajevo, PR Bosnia-Herzegovina, FPR Yugoslavia to a Croat father Franjo Bregovic and Serb mother Borka Perišic, Goran grew up with an older sister and a younger brother. His father was from Croatian Zagorje, specifically Sveti Petar Cvrstec village near Križevci, while his mother was born in Virovitica to parents that shortly before her birth arrived in the nearby village of Cemernica, settling there from the village of Kazanci near Gacko in eastern Herzegovina.Goran was 10 years old when his parents divorced. Soon after the split, his father, who was an officer in the Yugoslav People's Army (JNA) retired and moved back to his village while young Goran remained living with his mother in Sarajevo.Goran played violin in a music school. However, deemed untalented, he was thrown out during second grade. His musical education was thus reduced to what his friend taught him until Goran's mother bought him his first guitar in his early teens. Bregovic wanted to enroll in a fine arts high school, but his aunt told his mother that it was supposedly full of homosexuals, which precipitated his mother's decision to send him to a technical (traffic) school. As a compromise for not getting his way, she allowed him to grow his hair long. Upon entering high school, Goran joined the school band "Izohipse" where he began on bass guitar. Soon, however, he was kicked out of that school too (this time for misbehaviour - he crashed a school-owned Mercedes-Benz). Bregovic then entered grammar school and its school band "Beštije" (again as a bass guitar player). When he was 16, his mother left him and moved to the coast, meaning that other than having a few relatives to rely on, he mostly had to take care of himself. He did that by playing folk music in a kafana in Konjic, working on construction sites, and selling newspapers.Spotting him at a Beštije gig in 1969, Željko Bebek invited 18-year-old Bregovic to play bass guitar in his band Kodeksi, which Goran gladly accepted.Eventually, Kodeksi shifted setup so Goran moved from bass to lead guitar, resulting in Kodeksi having the following line-up during summer 1970: Goran Bregovic, Željko Bebek, Zoran Redžic and Milic Vukašinovic. All of them would eventually become members of Bijelo dugme at some point in the future. At the time, they were largely influenced by Led Zeppelin and Black Sabbath. During the fall of 1970, this resulted in departure of Željko Bebek, who (both as rhythm guitar player and singer) got phased out of the band. At the end of the year, Goran's mother and Zoran's brother arrived to Naples and took them back to Sarajevo.Then in the autumn of 1971, Goran entered university and decided to study philosophy and sociology. He soon quit, however. At the same time, Milic Vukašinovic left for London, so Goran and Zoran started playing in a band named Jutro ("Morning"). In the next few years, the band changed lineups frequently, and on 1 January 1974 changed its name to Bijelo Dugme ("White Button").Bijelo DugmeFrom 1974 until 1989, Bregovic played lead guitar and was the main creative force behind Bijelo Dugme (White Button). For years they stood as one of the most popular bands in SFR Yugoslavia.Solo careerAt the time Bijelo dugme was falling apart, Goran entered the world of film music. His first project was Emir Kusturica's Time of the Gypsies (1989). This turned out to be a great success (both the film and the music from it). Goran and Emir's collaboration continued, and Goran composed music (which was performed by Iggy Pop) for Emir's next film Arizona Dream (1993).During the war in Bosnia and Herzegovina Goran lived in Paris but he also lived in Belgrade. His next major project, music for Patrice Chéreau's Queen Margot was again a great success, and the film won two awards on the 1994 Cannes Film Festival. Next year's Golden Palm went to Underground, for which Goran Bregovic composed the music.In 1997, he worked with Turkish singer Sezen Aksu on her album Dügün ve Cenaze (Wedding and Funeral). After that album, he continued making composite albums with other musicians that were based on his music and singers' lyrics.He made an album with George Dalaras in 1999 named Thessaloniki – Yannena with Two Canvas Shoes. In the same year, Bregovic recorded an album called Kayah i Bregovic (Kayah and Bregovic) with popular Polish singer Kayah which sold over 650,000 copies in Poland (six times platinum record).In 2001, he recorded another album with another Polish singer, Krzysztof Krawczyk, titled "Daj mi drugie zycie" ("Give Me Second Life").In 2005, Bregovic took part in three large farewell concerts of Bijelo dugme.A number of works by Bregovic can be heard on the soundtrack to the 2006 film Borat: Cultural Learnings of America for Make Benefit Glorious Nation of Kazakhstan, most notably "Ðurdevdan." The film itself actually features more Bregovic samples than the soundtrack. Two musical numbers of by Bregovic, "Ne Siam Kurve Tuke Sijam Prostitutke," and "Gas Gas," were featured in the soundtrack of the 2012 Brazilian novela, Salve Jorge, on the television network Rede Globo.Weddings and Funerals OrchestraBregovic performs with a large ensemble of musicians. A brass band, bagpipes, a string ensemble, a tuxedo-clad all-male choir from Belgrade, and traditional Bulgarian and Roma singers make up his 40-piece band and orchestra.Since 1998, Bregovic has been performing his music mainly in the form of concerts all over the world with his Weddings and Funerals Orchestra. This consists of 10 people (in the small version) or 37 (in the large version, although at some instances this number will be different, depending on participants from the host country).The small orchestra consists of Alen Ademovic (vocals, drums), Bokan Stankovic (first trumpet), Dalibor Lukic (second trumpet), Stojan Dimov (sax, clarinet), Aleksandar Rajkovic (first trombone, glockenspiel), Miloš Mihajlovic (second trombone), Dejan Manigodic (tuba) and Goran himself. The uniqueness of the orchestra comes from the exceptional voice of solo singer Vaska Jankovska (Macedonian Roman girl) and backup Bulgarian singers Daniela Radkova-Aleksandrova and Ludmila Radkova-Traikova. The large orchestra usually has singers from the Belgrade Orthodox male choir, string performers from Poland, or from the country in which they perform, as well as other local performers.In 2013, as part of his Asia pacific tour (including Australia, New Zealand and Hong Kong), Bregovic performed with a string quartet, a male choir, Bulgarian singers and half of a brass band. The other part of the brass band - including bass and percussions - were being played from his computer.EurovisionDuring the Eurovision 2008 final in Belgrade Arena, Serbia, he had a small concert. He also composed the Serbian entry for the Eurovision Song Contest 2010; 'Ovo Je Balkan' sung by Milan Stankovic.PersonalIn 1993, Bregovic married his long-time girlfriend Dženana Sudžuka. The wedding ceremony held in Paris featured film director Emir Kusturica as the groom's best man and longtime Bijelo dugme backing vocal Amila Sulejmanovic as the bride's maid of honour.The couple have three daughters: Ema (born in March 1995), Una (February 2002) and Lulu (May 2004).Bregovic owns real-estate properties all over the world, but spends most of his time between Belgrade, where most of his musical collaborators reside, and Paris, where his spouse lives with their three daughters.He also has a daughter named Željka (born out of wedlock from a previous relationship) who gave birth to Goran's grand daughter, Bianca. He has a brother named Predrag who lives in New York City and sister Dajana who lives in Split.On 12 June 2008, Bregovic injured his spine in a fall from a tree. He fell four meters from a cherry tree in the garden of his home in Senjak, a Belgrade district, breaking vertebrae. However, according to the doctors, his condition was "stable without neurological complications." After surgery, he made a quick recovery and on 8 July and 9 July, he held two big concerts in New York City, where for more than two hours each night, he proved his performance skills had not suffered from the accident.Bregovic prefers to avoid delving into politics. "Yugoslavia is the intersection of so many worlds: Orthodox, Catholic, Muslim," says Bregovic. "With music, I don't have to represent anyone except myself -- because I speak the first language of the world, the one everyone understands: music."List of film scores1977 - Butterfly cloud (Leptirov oblak) - Directed by: Zdravko Randic1979 - Personal Affairs (Licne stvari) - Directed by: Aleksandar Mandic1988 - Time of the Gypsies (Dom za vešanje) - Directed by: Emir Kusturica1989 - Kuduz - Directed by: Ademir Kenovic1990 - Silent Gunpowder (Gluvi barut) - Directed by: Bahrudin Cengic1991 - The Serbian Girl (Das Serbische Mädchen) - Directed by: Peter Sehr1991 - The Little One (Mala) - Directed by: Predrag Antonijevic1991 - Caruga - Directed by: Rajko Grlic1993 - Arizona Dream - Directed by: Emir Kusturica1993 - Toxic Affair - Directed by: Philoméne Esposito1993 - La Nuit sacrée - Directed by: Nicolas Klotz1993 - Le Nombril du monde - Directed by: Ariel Zeitoun1993 - KIKA - Directed by: Pedro Almodóvar1994 - soundtrack for La Reine Margot - Directed by: Patrice Chéreau1995 - Underground - Directed by: Emir Kusturica1997 - Music for Weddings and Funerals (Musik för bröllop och begravningar) - Directed by: Unni Straume1997 - A Chef in Love (Shekvarebuli kulinaris ataserti retsepti) - Directed by: Nana Djordjadze1997 - The Serpent's Kiss - Directed by: Philippe Rousselot1997 - XXL - Directed by: Ariel Zeitoun1998 - Train de Vie - Directed by: Radu Mihaileanu1999 - The Lost Son - Directed by: Chris Menges1999 - Tuvalu - Directed by: Veit Helmer1999 - Operation Simoom (Operacja Samum) - Directed by Wladyslaw Pasikowski2000 - 27 Missing Kisses - Directed by: Nana Djordjadze2000 - Je li jasno prijatelju? - Directed by: Dejan Acimovic2005 - The Turkish Gambit (???????? ??????) - Directed by: Dzhanik Faiziyev2005 - I giorni dell'abbandono - Directed by: Roberto Faenza2006 - Karaula - Directed by: Rajko Grlic (This is not true)2006 - Le Lièvre de Vatanen - Directed by: Marc Rivière2006 - Borat: Cultural Learnings of America for Make Benefit Glorious Nation of Kazakhstan (non-original music; "Ederlezi" from Dom za vešanje)2007 - Fly by Rossinant - Directed by: Jacky Stoév2008 - Mustafa - Directed by: Can Dündar2011 - Baikonur - Directed by Veit Helmer

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Goran Bregovic - Kayah - To Nie Ptak

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